A land patent belonging to one Robert G. Haden, and dated July 31, 1840, certifying Haden’s purchase of land one of “the Creek Tribe of Indians”. The transfer and sale of lands belonging to Indian tribe was controversial and convoluted at times. In this instance, Haden was a defendant in a title dispute which went to the Alabama Supreme Court [Haden v. Ware] which found, inter alia., that “A purchaser from an Indian reservee, acquires no title by his purchase, until the contract is approved by the President, when this is done, the purchaser is entitled to a patent, and when it issues it vests the fee in the patentee.”~~We note that in 1832 tribal government was abolished and Creek land was divided into allotments. As might be expected, land speculators and squatters immediately began defrauding individuals out of their holdings, leading to the Creek War of 1836 [see Elizabeth Dunham, Special Collection Library at the University of Tennessee; “The Creek People of the Southeast”]. It is another sad chapter in the treatment of Native Americans in our country.~~Framed, in a rough wooden frame which has to be 19th century, if not contemporary. With a lousy backing board from the 1960’s.~~Signed secretarially by Martin Van Buren.